What causes dental disease?


Dental disease is very common in domestic pets. The diets they are fed are drastically different to the ‘wild’ diet their teeth were evolved to deal with. Certain breeds are also more prone to dental disease due to the size and shape of their mouths

Plaque build-up is caused by food particles and bacteria adhering to teeth. This plaque becomes thicker, hardens and turns into calculus. Bacteria in the deeper layers of calculus produce toxins which cause inflammation of the gums, destruction of soft issues and bone, loss of attachment of the teeth to the surrounding bone and, eventually, loss of the teeth.

What does this mean for my pet?

If your pet has significant dental disease one of the first thing you will notice is bad breath. This is due to the build-up of bacteria in their mouth.

These bacteria, and the toxins they produces, can get into the dog or cat’s bloodstream and result in damage to the liver, heart, kidneys, lungs and central nervous system.

The inflammation of the gums and periodontal tissue can cause an animal a lot of pain, even though they keep eating.

What is involved in a Dental Health Check?

A Dental Health Check involves a physical examination of your pet’s mouth to determine if any dental disease is present. We will look specifically for build-up of tartar, inflammation of the gums, loose teeth or severely eroded teeth.

If there is early stages of dental disease we can advise on preventative measures such as special foods or treats to help prevent build-up of bacteria and plaque.

If moderate to advanced dental disease is present we may recommend a dental scale and polish.

If you would like any further information about dental disease, or you would like to make an appointment for a FREE Pet Dental Health Check, please phone on 9659 8923.